“The spirit of our endeavour is, To strive, to seek, to find and not to yield”

Alessandro Minuto-Rizzo, President

NATO at 70: Refocusing for Change? 
Washington D. C. –  June 27, 2019

At 70 years and after facing a global war, the Yugoslav regional conflict in Europe and being involved in several short and long-term crises and stabilisation operations (among which Afghanistan and Kosovo), NATO – as a political-military organisation – has to reckon with a very different political setting from its preceding adaptations. New anti-establishment parties and a wave of neo-national thinking ushered in different democracies appear to put vocally into question the usefulness and the sense of international organisations.
Part of the internal political debate, successfully managed by the last Brussels Summit, has concentrated on traditional issues (burden sharing, efficiency, adaptation to a more assertive and aggressive Russia, ongoing missions and enlargement), but it is rather evident that the challenges of this round of adaptation are more complex than before and should require an in-depth discussion.
The seminar will address the possibilities of NATO’s political adaptation in an environment where national retrenchment risks to be amplified despite the concrete success of the Alliance also in the present crisis environment. It will evaluate on the one hand the usefulness of past political-diplomatic experiences in managing the policy debate and, on the other, the relevant de facto trends that could influence the political functioning of NATO and its security mission, since the Alliance is still the best security provider at international level.
The event is structured into two panels.
The first one will explore today’s evolving security environment with a deep focus on hybrid threats, new ways to acknowledge collective security and burden sharing, and potential NATO partnerships in the Euro-Asiatic space.
The second will discuss the need for a new strategic approach in order to better tackle emerging challenges and improve decision-making processes.








“The spirit of our endeavour is, To strive, to seek, to find and not to yield”

Alessandro Minuto-Rizzo, President

Arab Geopolitics 2020 - Working Meeting

Organised by the NATO Defense College Foundation, in co-operation with the NATO Political Affairs and Security Policy Division and the Euro-Gulf Information Centre.

The working meeting is essentially a discussion mechanism that aims at examining, on the backdrop of a political and strategic situation further detailed, four relevant subjects among practitioners at the international level:
  1. The present role and potential improvements of NATO partnerships in the area (MD and ICI);
  2. Security interests in the area spanning from Mauritania to the Gulf;
  3. The possible role of major Allies\ EU members in shaping adapted security policies in the Southern Region, also vis-à-vis the renewed Russian presence in the Mediterranean;
  4. Possible short-medium term future scenarios requiring a NATO and EU response.
Over the last months, the MENA region has been shaken by major events that pose a challenge to the entire area and have the potential to redefine the geopolitical order.
At the beginning of this year, the Coronavirus pandemic further exacerbated social, economic and political conditions in the area. Civil protests, ongoing in Algeria, Iraq and Lebanon, asking for the renovation of the political élite and sustainable economic changes, were forced to an end.
Gulf countries accumulated unquantifiable debts and were obliged to cut their public spending due to the lack of revenue from low oil demand and low prices. It represents another risk for the destabilisation of the region but, at the same time, an opportunity to reflect on the diversification of energy resources, involving the entire Euro-Mediterranean area, as a key element towards the achievement of regional reconstruction and sustainable development.
This persistent uncertainty has been increased by the vacuum left by the United States that encouraged other major external actors to influence the region prioritising perceived national interests rather than international stability. Recently, the Abraham Accords, expected to normalise diplomatic relations between Israel and some of the Gulf country, still have to be measured against concrete development, leaving open some questions on the emerging geopolitical developments vis-à-vis an isolated Iran.
The evolving role of the Alliance as well as the European Union has to be rethought and analysed in this volatile and fragmented context.

  • Alessandro Minuto-Rizzo, President, NATO Defense College Foundation, Rome
  • Francesca Astorri, Policy and media advisor, Embassy of the State of Qatar, Rome
  • Chloe Berger, Faculty Adviser and Researcher, NATO Defense College, Rome
  • Vincenzo Camporini, Scientific Advisor, International Affairs Institute, Rome
  • Marco Carnelos, President, MC Geopolicy srl, Rome
  • Andrea Cellino, Head, North Africa Desk, Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces, Geneva (Virtual)
  • Alessandra Ermellino, Member, Chamber of Deputies, Rome
  • Fabio Nicolucci, Press Public Information Officer, MFA expert for the European External Action Service, EuCAP Mali Mission, Bamako
  • Gaja Pellegrini Bettoli, Independent journalist, Rome
  • Alessandro Politi, Director, NATO Defense College Foundation, Rome
  • Umberto Profazio, Maghreb Analyst, NATO Defense College Foundation, Rome (Virtual)
  • Leone Radiconcini, Independent Analyst, Middle East, Rome
  • Matthew Robinson, Managing Director, Euro-Gulf Information Centre, Rome
  • Giovanni Romani, Head, Middle East and North Africa Section, Political Affairs and Security Policy Division, NATO HQ, Brussels (Virtual)
  • Marcello Scalisi, Director, Mediterranean Universities Union, Rome
  • Stefano Silvestri, Vice President, NATO Defense College Foundation, Rome
  • Elisabetta Trenta, former Italian Ministry of Defense


12th November 2020

On line meeting


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